Mikhail Gorbachev: Last Soviet leader dies aged 91

Mikhail Gorbachev, the former Soviet leader who brought the Cold War to a peaceful end, has died aged 91.

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (2 March 1931 – 30 August 2022) was a Russian and Soviet politician who served as the last leader of the Soviet Union. As the country’s head of state from 1988 to 1991, he served as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991, and President of the Soviet Union from 1990 until the country’s dissolution in 1991. Ideologically, Gorbachev initially adhered to Marxism–Leninism but moved towards social democracy by the early 1990s.

Mr Gorbachev took power in 1985 and introduced reforms, as well as opening up the Soviet Union to the world.

But he was unable to prevent the slow collapse of the union, and many Russians blamed him for the years of turmoil that ensued.

Outside Russia, he was widely respected, with the UN chief saying he had “changed the course of history”.

“Mikhail Gorbachev was a one-of-a kind statesman,” UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said. “The world has lost a towering global leader, committed multilateralist, and tireless advocate for peace.”

The hospital in Moscow where he died said he had been suffering from a long and serious illness.

Marilena Nardi:

Mikhail Gorbaciov is dead.
An era is definitely over.
“In an interview a few years ago, Gorbaciov said about this: “President George Bush said that the United States won the Cold War.” I would like to answer this: staying immersed in the Cold War climate, everyone lost. And today, when the world got rid of that climate, (… ) everybody won. I think this controversy is no longer relevant. If not for an election campaign.”
His death assumes significant symbolic valence because it occurred during the most dramatic period in the history of the 21st century: a momentous turning point that seems to have turned the hands of the clock back to that very poly climate Cold War icon that Gorbacheov undoubtedly helped eliminate. “
by Mara Morini, on Domani
At the link indicated is also the advertising video in which Gorbaciov participated to finance his foundation of studies and which well sums up how the reform process of perestrojika and glasnost has been evaluated by the Russian people.


Gabriel Rusu

Andrey Feldshteyn

Antonio Antunes

David Rowe

Jerónimo Costa

Marilena Nardi

Ronghai Huang

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